Sustainable, Organic & Biodynamic Viticulture


"Alone in the vegetable kingdom, the vine makes the true savour of the earth intelligible to man."
Colette (1873-1954), from "Prisons et Paradis"

The goal of all great winemaking is to, through the vine, express a wine’s individual terroir, (the particulars of its geography) as unique characteristics of color, fruit and minerality, with purity and clarity, and in doing so provide pleasure! In this pursuit, many of our winegrowers employ organic or biodynamic farming systems, that respect both the integrity of the land and the character of wines they produce.

organic Viticulture

Sustainable Wine
The inherent concept is that the product has been made in such a manner that it will allow the vineyards and environment to continue to produce an undiminished product for all future generations. Sustainable wine is not necessarily organic wine, but it also does not exclude this definition. The main threats to sustainability are the issues of soil depletion, erosion, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, ecological impacts, resistance to pests and chemical dependence. Sustainability looks at the environmental system as a whole. In the vineyard, it may incorporate manmade products or “natural” products, and it will likely use integrated pest management (IPM) techniques. In the winery, minimal-additive winemaking philosophies will always be present.

Organic Wine
As stated by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, "organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved." These vineyards are managed without the use of systemic fungicides (fungus control), insecticides (bug control), herbicides (weed control) or synthetic fertilizers. Vineyard sprays are still used, but the products are different. Metal salts tend to be used for fungus control; e.g. sulfur and copper. Biological agents can be used for insect control; e.g. bacteria (Bacillus thuringiensis), parasitic wasps (Trichogramma carverae) or pheromone/food traps. Weeds tend to be controlled via mechanical methods, such as plowing, hoeing, mulching or mowing. Vines can be fertilized via compost mulches, green manures or animal manures. The official definition differs depending on country of origin but basically it is wine that has been made from “organic grapes” and contains less than 100–120 mg/L of total sulphur dioxide. Sulfur is produced both naturally during fermentation and added to enhance microbiological/oxidative stability. Some “natural” products, such as milk, egg whites or bentonite clays, can also be used to help clarification, filtration and stability.

Biodynamic Wine
Biodynamic viticulture stems from the ideas and suggestions of Rudolf Steiner, whose Agriculture course in 1924 spun off much of the organic movement. It utilizes a holistic approach to farming and views the vineyard as an interrelated unit placing emphasis on the balance between the soil, vines and animals in a close self-nourishing system. This philosophy places high importance on composts and manures without the use of chemical fertilizers. It does use a number of fermented herbal and mineral preparations for compost additives and sprays. The practice also utilizes the astronomical calendar for sowing and planting. Biodynamic wines may be organic or preservative-free. Many famous wineries and vineyards profess to use these techniques. The goal of biodynamic viticulture is to produce soils of “higher biological and physical quality, greater in organic matter, content and microbial activity, more earthworms, better soil structure, lower bulk density, easier penetrability, and thicker topsoil.” The result is vines with greater inherent strength and vineyards possessing a natural resistance to maladies, and that produce high quality fruit.

Sustainable Agriculture Producers


ANDRE SCHERER, Christophe Scherer
BOERI, Alfonso Boeri
CASTELLARE DI TONDA, Stefano Scotti
CHATEAU FONT MARS, Jean-Baptiste de Clock
CHATEAU DE LA GREFFIERE, Vincent Greuzard
CHATEAU DE MANISSY, Florian Andre
CHATEAU MOURGUES DU GRES, Fracois Collard
CHATEAU DES ROQUES, Seroul
CLOS ST.-JEAN, Pascal and Vincent Maurel
DANIEL BOULAND, Daniel Bouland
DOMAINE LA BASTIDE, Guilhem Durand
DOMAINE DE BEAUREGARD, Henri Gregoire
DOMAINE LE BOUCHAREY, Henri Gallet
DOMAINE BRUNO DESAUNAY-BISSEY, Bruno Desaunay-Bissey
DOMAINE CASSAGNOLES, Gilles Baumann
DOMAINE DE LA COLLINE ST JEAN, Roland Alazard
DOMAINE COLLOTTE, Philippe Collotte
DOMAINE LA FONT D’ESTEVANAS, Denis Alary
DOMAINE DU FONTENILLE, Jean et Pierre Leveque
DOMAINE LES GRANDS BOIS, Marc Besnardeau
DOMAINE CHARVIN, Laurent Charvin
DOMAINE DUPONT-FAHN, Raymond Dupont
DOMAINE FERRAND, Philippe Bravay
DOMAINE GRAND NICOLET, Jean Pierre Nicolet
DOMAINE PASCAL BONHOMME, Pascal Bonhomme


DOMAINE PIRON-LAMELOISE
DOMAINE DE POULVAREL, Pascal & Elizabeth Glas
DOMAINE RAYMOND USSEGLIO
DOMAINE REMI JOBARD, Remi and Charles Jobard
DOMAINE SAINT-DAMIEN, Joel Saurel
DOMAINE SERVIN, Francois Servin
THE GATEKEEPER, Simon Hackett
JEAN-MICHEL GERIN
JOBARD-CHABLOZ. Remi and Charles Jobard
JOSEF SCHMID, Josef Schmid
KURT ANGERER, Kurt Angerer
L'ARCO
L'OUSTAL BLANC, Claude & Isabel Fonquerle
MARKOWITSCH, Gerhard Markowitsch
MAROF, Erich Krutzler
MEMO, Mario Ecolino
MERAVIGLIE, Mattia Imberti
MONTE LA SARDA
NOTHNAGL, Anton Nothnagl
PLOYEZ-JACQUEMART, Marcel Ployez and Yvonne Jacquemart
SAN GIOVANNI
STRELE, Pio and Gaetano Tamellini
VERACE, Ezio and Aldo Bennati
WEINGUT BUCHEGGER, Walter Buchegger
YANN CHAVE, Yann Chave

Organic Producers


BEATRICE ET PASCAL LAMBERT, Beatrice and Pascal Lambert
BIRGIT EICHINGER, Birgit Eichinger
BONNET-HUTEAU, Rémi Bonnet
LA CAMPANA, Perris Mignarri
CHATEAU DE LA BONNELIERE, Marc Plouzeau
CHATEAU CASTIGNO, Marc and Tine Versraete
CLOS D'ORIGINE, Marc Barriot
DOMAINE DES AUBUISIERES, Bernard Fouquet
DOMAINE DE LA BASTIDE BLANCHE, Michel and Louis Bronzo
DOMAINE LA BERANGERAIE, Andre Beranger
DOMAINE BERTAGNA, Denis Rozat
DOMAINE GARDIES, Jean Gardies
DOMAINE DE LA CHAPELLE, Pascal Rollet
DOMAINE CHEVILLON-CHEZEAUX, Philippe Chezeaux
DOMAINE CHRISTIAN SERAFIN, Christian Serafin
DOMAINE CONTANT-DUQUESNOY, Gerard Constant
DOMAINE DAVID CLARK, David Clark
DOMAINE DUGAT-PY, Bernard Dugat
DOMAINE DES LAMBRAYS, Thierry Brouin
DOMAINE SCHOFFIT, Bernard Schoffit
DOMAINE SERGE DAGUENEAU ET FILLES, Serge Dagueneau
DOMAINE DES SOULANES, Daniel Laffite


DOMAINE VIAL-MAGNERES, Olivier and Bernard Sapéras
DOMAINE VILLALIN, Maryline and Jean-Jacques Smith
DOMAINE DU VISSOUX, Pierre Chermette
DOMAINE ZUMBAUM TOMASI, Azeddine Bouhmama
NICOLAS MAILLART, Nicolas Maillart
ES
FX PICHLER, Lucas Pichler
GIOVANNA CIACCI, Giovanna Ciacci
L'ANCIENNE MERCERIE, Nathalie & Francois Caumette
MACCHIE, Paolo Caciorgna
MICHEL GASSIER, Michel Gassier
PASCAL ET NICOLAS REVERDY
PICHLER-KRUTZLER, Elisabeth Pichler and Erich Krutzler
RICHARD LEROY, Richard Leroy
SIMONE SCALETTA, Simone Scaletta
SCHIAVENZA, Luciano Pira
TEMENT, Manfred Tement
UWE SCHIEFER, Uwe Schiefer
WEINGUT GEORG MOSBACHER, Sabine Mosbacher and Jurgen Duringer
WEINGUT HEYMANN-LOWENSTEIN, Reinhard Lowenstein
WEINGUT TRAPL
YANNICK AMIRAULT, Yannick Amirault

Biodynamic Producers


BONNET-HUTEAU, Rémi Bonnet
CLOS MARIE, Christophe Peyrus
DOMAINE ALBERT MANN, Maurice and Jacky Barthelme
DOMAINE CECILE TREMBLAY, Cecile Tremblay
DOMAINE DUSEIGNEUR, Jean Duseigneur
DOMAINE EDMOND VATAN, Edmond and Anne Vatan


DOMAINE GAUBY, Gerard Gauby
DOMAINE LES APHILLANTHES, Daniel Boulle
JEAN-LOUIS TRIBOULEY, Jean-Louis Tribouley
LA SOURCE DU RUAULT, Jean-Noël Millon
PEDRALONGA
WEINGUT SOELLNER, Toni Soellner